Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a psychotherapeutic approach that aims to teach a person new skills on how problems related to dysfunctional emotions, behavior and cognitive functions can be solved by an objective, systematic approach. This name is used in many ways to distinguish between behavioral therapy, mindfulness therapy, and behavioral and mindfulness-based therapy. There is empirical evidence that cognitive behavioral theories are very effective in treating many conditions, including personality, anxiety, mood, diet, substance abuse, and psychotic disorders. Treatment is always manual, because specific psychological commands are approached in a specific way controlled by short, direct and time-limited treatments. Cognitive behavioral theory can be used by individuals EBT therapist as well as in groups. Techniques are often adapted for self-help sessions. It is up to the individual clinician or researcher to be cognitively, more ethically oriented, or a combination of both, because all three methods are used today. Cognitive behavioral therapy was born from a combination of behavioral therapy and cognitive therapy. The two therapies have many differences, but they have been found to have a common basis for focusing on the "here and now" and reducing symptoms. The evaluation of cognitive-behavioral theories has led many to believe that it is more effective than psychodynamic therapies and other techniques. The United Kingdom supports the use of cognitive behavioral therapy in other approaches to a wide range of mental disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, bulimia nervosa, clinical depression and the neurological state of chronic fatigue. syndrome / myalgic encephalomyelitis. The pioneers of cognitive behavioral therapy base their roots on several ancient philosophical traditions, most notably Stoicism. The modern roots of CBT can be traced to the development of behavioral therapy in the 1920s, to the development of cognitive therapy in the 1960s, and to the subsequent combination of the two therapies. The first method of treating behavior was Máy tán bố thắng published in 1924 by Mary Cover Jones, whose work addresses the lack of learning to fear children. Early behavioral problems work well for many neurotic disorders, but less so for depression. Behavioral therapy has also lost popularity due to the "mental revolution." This eventually led to the establishment of cognitive therapy in the 1960s by Aaron T. Beck. The first form of cognitive behavioral therapy was developed by Arnold A. Lazar in the late 1950s and 1970s. In the 1980s and 1990s, cognitive and behavioral therapies were combined with the work of David M. Clark in the United Kingdom and David H. Barlow in the United States. Cognitive behavioral therapy includes the following systems: cognitive therapy, rational emotional behavior therapy, and multimodal therapy. One of the biggest problems is determining what cognitive-behavioral therapy is. Specific therapeutic techniques within different CBT approaches vary depending on the type of problem being addressed, but the techniques usually focus on the following: Keep a diary of important events and related feelings, thoughts and attitudes. Questions and tests of knowledge, evaluations, assumptions and beliefs that may be unrealistic and useless. Gradually engage in avoidable activities. Discover new ways of behaving and reacting. In addition, distraction, mindfulness and relaxation techniques are also commonly used in cognitive behavioral therapy. Mood stabilizing drugs are also often combined with therapies to treat conditions such as bipolar radiation. The NICE guidelines within the British NHS recognize the use of cognitive behavioral therapy in the treatment of schizophrenia in combination with drugs and therapy. Cognitive-behavioral theory often takes patients to implement it effectively during their lifetime. It often requires a concerted effort to replace the dysfunctional process of cognitive-affective behavior or behavior with more rational and adaptable behavior, even if they know when and where their thought processes are deteriorating. Cognitive behavioral theory is used in many different situations, including the following conditions: anxiety disorders (obsessive-compulsive disorder, social phobia or social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder) Mood disorders (clinical depression, major depressive disorder, psychiatric symptoms) Insomnia (including more effective than Zopiclone) Severe mental illness (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depression) Children and adolescents (major depressive disorder, anxiety disorder, trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder) Stupidity (to help them overcome fear, prevent behavior and negative thoughts about themselves) Cognitive-behavioral theory involves learning a person's new skills to overcome negative emotions, behaviors and perceptions through an objective, systematic approach. There is empirical evidence that cognitive behavioral theories are effective in treating many conditions, highlight including obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, anxiety, and negative thoughts about oneself. With the tremendous success of using this therapy, it is one of the most important tools researchers and therapists need today to treat mental disorders.